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The very first Concave Earth Sessions has officially been posted on Youtube.com and is currently under review at iTunes Podcasts. Refer here for podcast before it is on iTunes concaveearthsessions.podomatic.com
The Concave Earth Sessions is a new show by Concave Earth pioneer Steven Christopher. In this very first podcast of the show Steven speaks with myself, Damian Nix (Iconoclast of ALTNEWS.INFO), and Jon Deveaugh of concaveearth.blogspot.com about their thoughts on the science and the philosophy of the concave earth model.
The goal of the podcast is to bring thinking minds together to discuss this most astounding subject that may revolutionize our understanding of our cosmos.
So, I read today that Senator Palpatine, er Feinstein, wants to purge the Anarchist Cookbook from the Web and by proxy, set a precedent to censor free speech. So in honor of this most prolific troll (who the fuck keeps electing you?) a big FUCK YOU from all of us at AltNews; Here is a free copy of the Anarchist Cookbook for one and all. We encourage you to spread it freely, post it to your social media and websites. Down with tyrants. Long live freedom of speech.
The size and scope of the control center of the world is completely unfathomable to the average human being. It is only through incredible amounts of research does one begin to put the dots together to form a picture of the world in which we live. One who has a discerning mind realizes sooner or later that the state is demonstrably horrifying, and it murders us with impunity because it thinks… Or it knows, that THEY are our OWNERS. Who They are seems to be nebulous to whoever you ask. Some sub-intelligences will rail against a party. It’s the Democrats fault. It’s the Republicans fault. It’s the feminists fault. It’s the patriarchy. It’s the blacks. It’s the whites. Bickering and dividing amongst factions that mean nothing. These elite who wrote the Secret Covenant make their mission clear:
They don’t mix blood with us ‘profane’ masses. They rule us absolutely. But. They fear us, because if we ever figured out their deception… We’d not allow this. Thier rule is implicit upon mind control. Wake. Up.
But be warned… The following video shows the mindset of the elite. These are the people we’re against when we align with truth. They are ruthless. But we all know their names. We know where they live.
Now, people… greet the soul of your captors. See the real faces of your masters:
“When a well-packaged web of lies has been sold gradually to the masses over generations, the truth will seem utterly preposterous and its speaker a raving lunatic” – Dresden James
This is an incredible journey that life takes us through. The process of understanding about life begins at birth and throughout to death. We go to our graves still in awe of the profound amount of things we could never explain, or make sense of. However, if one is observant to the world around them, they can tell that something is amiss with the way things have been explained to them. The questions always start small and end up avalanching you over until the fine line between intelligence and madness is reached. And some of us push on into the realm of the impossible and improbable, but unrefuted science possibility. Cosmology is the explanation of the universe in a logical, reasonable manner. Seeking ever to explain the process by which our world works. Many cosmological theories have been postulated over the centuries, and not all stand the test of scientific scrutiny.
But the truth is, the model of the world we have been taught tend toward the trending thoughts of the day, and without much connection or frame of reference, the prevailing thought of the day can seem like the hard truth that cannot be refuted,and that challenging such a belief may lead to harm. For many throughout history, this challenge to accepted reality often did come upon pain of death or inquisition. Mankind is seeking, always seeking for the answer, the unifying theory of it all. The prevailing minds of the day believe a certain way, and lead the mass minds into their conception, or misconception, accuracy or erroneousness, all the while steering the reality of the world through the minds of the people by creating and defining for them, the people’s world.
Many minds are able to hold two opposing ideas within them at the same time, provided the ideas are far enough apart from each other. Bringing them together results in repulsion, as a magnet to a like pole. People can then believe at one level exactly what they are taught to believe by the prevailing elite minds of the day. They memorize facts and figures to look learned to the other people who also have been influenced by the erroneous.
All the while these people are secretly hiding another belief as what they believe to be the true reality and a more rational foundation for the world. For most of us today, this foundation is science, instead of religion. 300 years ago it was the opposite, but that is the back and forth dance between these sets of belief that we can see directly through history.
The foundations of these concepts of our reality come in through decentralized messages. Most of which are being presented through culture, movies, and fiction. The people are taught to hold opposing views in their heads. The messages of science with its hard to understand math and obfuscated data remains in the realm of Authority and Mystery school, and the culture concept enters our minds at the opposite end, the tantalizing, candy side of informational input, the slick entertainment showbiz side of things which is always surrounded by enough glitz and glitter as to make it appear otherworldly and it is because of the division of science to the creative force. The science is held away from understanding, and the story the people ‘want to believe’ are held at a far enough distance away so that the average person is always obfuscated at the true nature of the reality they live in. Who could honestly float a (true) concept he ‘saw on television’ as an explanation of how the world works, because, duh.. Nothing on TV is reality. It’s all glitz and glam and no real substance. Nothing could be further from the truth but because the Hollywood messages are revelations of the method, you’d look like a crackpot if you floated any known storylines as an accurate depiction of reality. But often you can glean a great deal of what is actually true information through fiction.
The James Bond writer, Ian Fleming was an ex MI5 agent who wrote the books he did to expose the truth through the fictional retelling of actual events. He sought through his writing of true events disguised as fiction, the ability to ‘fictionalize to open eyes‘. The process these days, appears to be the exact opposite of this concept, and now the process involves fictionalizing to close eyes, but all the when hiding the truth in tiny proportion to the fantastic.
The alchemical ritual of the revelation of the method principle will always tend to reveal many secrets to those who are observant. But these revelations always show in plausibly deniable sources, like fiction and especially ‘science’ fiction in books and movies and never from official sources. The information that most people tend to seek whenever they have doubts always to have those fears immediately assailed by ‘debunkers’ who’s professional work is to troll truth seekers with disinformation.
Anyone with discernment can see the revelation of the method in our daily lives through symbolism and the messages of pop culture. Read between the lines of our culture, and look into the sky, take a look at what has been done in the process of the ‘great work’ throughout history. Investigate everything. Connect the dots and let’s discover the truth together.
CONCAVE EARTH MODEL
It would appear based on several hard scientific experiments that the reality of a Copernican world is not sustainable in observation and the physics begins to break down at closer inspection. From famous studies of the past, like the Rectilineator geodetic survey and Sagnat’s work, to simply going out and looking and measuring for yourself. Many scientific research experiments have been done to prove the existence of an alternative to the convex earth model which may lead many with a discerning eye to research the various theories that have been postulated over the centuries. One theory that held for many years was the flat earth theory. Minds looking at strange examples that disprove the convex earth model, such as the Wilhelm Martin theodolite experiment might conclude immediately that something is amiss with the measurements that are inconsistent for a convex model earth and can only be explained in a concave model. Now consider that the earth actually doesn’t move, as per what we discovered through the Michelson-Morley experiment which proved that light moves at a constant speed necessary indicated (but the result was tossed), that the earth wasn’t moving.
Such realities would make the average person’s mind recoil in horror as they attempt to reconcile two opposing viewpoints. They got too close together in the mind, and like reversed polarity magnets, they repel hard and fast.
I asked 10 friends what they saw in the Game of Thrones introduction. All ten said they remember the clockwork of the cities being put together, but only 2 of them noted the curvature of the earth of the intro, which is most assuredly concave with a spinning central sun within the Celestial sphere.
Game of Thrones *Extended* Intro Shows Earth is Concave (We live INSIDE): https://youtu.be/8832yDIq2C8
Questions immediately arise about how it could be possible that science has lied to us about something that should be painfully obvious to anyone that looks for this information but he truth is deceptively hard to determine. In October 1983 Omni magazine printed an article called THE HOLLOW EARTH: A MADDENING THEORY THAT CAN’T BE DISPROVED. The article’s principle idea was that the inverse earth model is as easy to explain as using inverse mathematics to explain it.
Could this be an accurate depiction of our universe?
Could this be possible?
One may speculate and one may do some hard science to determine this once and for all. Many unanswered questions human beings have about the cosmos have very simple explanations. Cosmology, in the mainstream, however, tends to want to wrap itself in mystery and what was amount to faith in the spiritual realm. The belief that gravity is a force, for example must be taken on faith, when the force of the aetheric pressure explains it in a much more eloquent way.
The 1901 Tamarack plumb lines diverging indicated that gravity might emanate from above not below. So instead of gravity being a property of matter, it would be in actual fact a property of space or the ether.
One must also then come back to the Rectilineator geodetic survey, and the book Cellular Cosmogony by Cyrus Teed and Ulysses Grant Morrow for more information.
This author will attempt, in the next several posts to explain through pop culture references a story which seems to told again and again. That the universe is small, that God set it up, that there was a flood, that the love of God is warmth and light from the sun, that to be on the suns side is to be called ‘illuminated’, that there is an ending coming that was inescapable, and dreadful. What is the one unifying theme in this procession? Let’s explore!
The 50’s – Admiral Byrd and Antarctica
Admiral Byrd was one of the most respected explorers in our history. He was quite literally the Indiana Jones of his time. He led missions to the north and the South pole. Having found nothing much of interest at the north pole, other than ocean 10,000 ft deep, and mountains 10,000 ft high on the south pole. The admiral took 3 journeys to Antarctica, the last one being on a military ship with all sorts of military gear and vehicles to go to a frozen wasteland. Why military vehicles and supplies? What was there that required a bunch of battleships and military if it was just a resource rich place that was being used for science… Was or is Antarctica a place where it is possible to reach the surface of our planet? Are the Tall Whites members of a race of surface dwellers?
In a TV interview toward the end of his life, Admiral Byrd talked about that Antarctica was rich in resources which he believed to be the new Frontier and that he didn’t expect it to be peaceful for long, namely because it was so rich in resources. Well, as we know, soon after, the ATS (The Antarctic Treaty) was signed.
The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington on 1 December 1959 by the twelve countries whose scientists had been active in and around Antarctica during the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957-58. It entered into force in 1961 and has since been acceded to by many other nations.
Thus ended the age of exploration and adventure that Admiral Byrd foresaw in the resource filled land to the south. Forever sealed up and permanently guarded, Antarctica still holds many mysteries which seem to be being held from us.
Johnston Island, Johnston Atoll, 1962
(Read the wiki article on Fishbowl before proceeding)
Something was discovered in Antarctica which lead scientists to some realization. Perhaps the realization of the glass sky, because the next move by the military was the direct assault on the sky spheres with the most powerful nuclear weapons available to mankind.
The sky is literally falling.
Did we race to build a nuke in the 40’s and 50’s because we were anxious to break through the dome we knew was in the sky? Check out the evidence: The missiles were Thor warheads called Bluegill (to break the blue sky barrier), Starfish (for the star layer), Checkmate (for the celestial sphere outer layer, where the moon track is), Kingfish (sun level, celestial sphere impact?) and Tightrope (because it was a Tightrope walk at this point as far as the stability of the spheres, which had been utterly wrecked by then)… If one understands the basic premise of the concave earth model, the mission was incredibly telling in scope. The names of the missiles, if you realize they were breaking into different layers of our central celestial spheres, the clockwork that runs our inner earth, make sense.
1960’s Moon Theatre
The moon landing and space in general was gathering a following. Star Trek was grabbing the minds of young technical people, who were gravitating towards the sciences. NASA was building a braintrust of young minds to work on the cellar dome problem. During Operation Fishbowl, glass had been broken from the sky to clear a path to the moon track layer around the celestial sphere. Perhaps they made it to the moon, but in the model of the concave earth, the moon is tiny, about 30miles wide. Perhaps the thermosphere prevented their actual landing and they had to resort to the filming of important sequences to the narrative. But the truth is that because of the van Allen belts, actual travel to a moon 200+k miles away was impossible. Radiation in the form of intense, hot plasma would have melted the astronauts and their tin can before it got through the wide belt.
Today, we stand at the crossroad of ‘illumination’ or destruction. The freemasonic symbolism we are seeing everywhere tell the story of humanity breaking the cosmos machine. Listen and hear between the lines of pop culture. The revelation of the method says that the sun machine will soon stop, and lock into place with the moon locking into place in front of it, creating a permanent or at least long standing state of darkness upon the earth. The heat of the sun will slowly subside, and the ice from the high heavens will behind to fall, and destroy all above ground on the surface of our inner earth.
Let’s examine a song by Jennifer Lopez, from a recent American Idol performance:
Jennifer Lopez: “Feel the Light” – AMERICAN IDOL XIV:
Analyzing the lyrics, it seems pretty clear to me that this is a message from the sun to our future selves after it stops moving, which it will because as I’ve explained, they have been pummeling the sky, breaking and cracking the glass ceiling… Listen, this verse makes it clear this is the sun talking about superstitions people had about it:
did you expect me to reason with thunder?
Like the sun was thought of as an angry God… then the sun talks of a frozen time when maybe it was weak or a time without the moon.. Or a time without the sun itself?
I still remember when time was frozen
.. ice age? did the sun stop before?
What seemed forever was just a moment
.. of course to us it would have felt like forever without the sun, but to it, it was only a moment. And this is a reassurance that the sun will be back.
Further, in the video, earth flashed onto the floor at this line:
There’s no more waiting,
We’re still worth saving…
So clearly it’s talking about humanity there. Seems almost like a message to the geoengineers, which could be our last hope at this point, who could be trying to heal the severely broken glass spheres in our sky… And then it sounds like the sun goes out for awhile…
Feel the light
Shining in the dark of night
.. the sun clockwork has stopped. The light is gone, blocked by the moon, but in the darkness the heat will still be there to feel. Feel the heat of what once was the light of the sun
Remember what we forgot
I know it’s a longshot
.. how can we remember we had a sun in the sky after a few generations? The idea would be preposterous after some time. A long shot to bring it back after its been damaged by our recklessly banging on its glass sphere. It’s a longshot because, we’d be at the disadvantage of being utterly in the dark. With no light to help us fix the sun light/heat machine at the center of our earth, how can we expect to fix it?
But we’re bringing it all back
We’re bringing it all back
.. the ultimate wish of future humanity, to restore the light of the sun.
And then the sun starts back up again and it remembers… And starts singing again to the new crop of humanity that will emerge from underground:
I still remember when things where broken
But put together the cracks we’re closin’
The cracks in the firmament foolish 20th century military men put into it with their careless nuclear detonation against our fragile life support machine at the center of the earth. This is a message to future humanity…
Let It Go – the elitist murder ballad
I have wanted to analyze the Let It Go lyrics too, those intrigue me. To me, Elsa (‘else’ we change or fix the glass sphere problem IMMEDIATELY), the result is a Frozen world in which this song is the triumphant ballad of the elite who worked to open the spheres of heaven, bringing us to the Black Swan (black sun) event, the stoppage of the sun. The total darkness enveloping the planet. The cold coming from the falling ice in the form of the Megacyrometeors from the heavens, bringing in the new ice age, of total darkness.
The snow glows white on the mountain tonight
(our world is Frozen over)
Not a footprint to be seen
(no people, everyone on the surface has died.)
A kingdom of isolation,
And it looks like I’m the Queen.
(The elite won. They rule the new frozen dead earth.)
The wind is howling like this swirling storm inside
(the glass is broken in the heavens, the ice has fallen from the glass, the winds and cold are unbearable to anyone on the surface)
Couldn’t keep it in, heaven knows I tried!
(geoengineering tried and failed to fix the problem of the domes of the sky being blown apart)
Don’t let them in, don’t let them see
(divine entities, Angels, Celestials… Don’t let them in – guard the skies and the ground, keep them out of our world… Don’t let them see what we did to the habitat they built for us, that we utterly destroyed it.)
Be the good girl you always have to be
Conceal, don’t feel, don’t let them know
(the attitude thus far of the elite, conceal, don’t feel. Get the job of fixing the sky done, and DON’T let the public know the reality of the world in which they live and the severity of the damage human carelessness has done to it! Don’t feel anything for the billions who are going to die.)
Well, now they know!
(can’t stop the information from getting out. The people KNOW)
Let it go, let it go
Can’t hold it back anymore
Let it go, let it go
Turn away and slam the door!
(Lament and guilt over the horrible thing the elite has done, dismissal of the emotion associated with the deaths of millions)
I don’t care
What they’re going to say
(history is going to record them as however the elite want them to record them as, because history is written by the victorious, so who cares what anyone says about their plight, or the people who blow the whistle on the reality of how the world works)
Let the storm rage on,
The cold never bothered me anyway!
(resolve by the elite to continue killing as long as needed to complete the goal, because being cold hearted and evil never bothered them anyway.)
It’s funny how some distance
Makes everything seem small
And the fears that once controlled me
Can’t get to me at all!
(revelation of the method: moon landing was fake, moon is small, maybe 30mi across suspended from the glass sky, the highest point we can get photographs of our earth from, because the earth is concave.)
It’s time to see what I can do
To test the limits and break through
(this is also revelation of the method, telling you they broke through the glass layers of the sky, testing our limits.)
No right, no wrong, no rules for me I’m free!
(this was Satan’s original argument.)
Let it go, let it go
I am one with the wind and sky
Let it go, let it go
You’ll never see me cry!
(we the elite now have the power of this world under control and we have no regret for the way we got here, through murder and force)
Here I stand
And here I’ll stay
Let the storm rage on!
(Satan rules and the world will remain cold and frozen without the light God. No light and no heat from the broken sun machine at the center of the celestial sphere)
My power flurries through the air into the ground
My soul is spiraling in frozen fractals all around
(giving in to the power of evil, cold, darkness, power stretching from air to ground, the mathematics of spirals and fractals, infinity… )
And one thought crystallizes like an icy blast
I’m never going back,
The past is in the past!
(we the elite have finally defeated light, and there is no going back to the light, the sun, the light of God, and we will assure the new world order continues, we will never go back to the past – overpopulation, climate problems, etc)
Let it go, let it go
And I’ll rise like the break of dawn
(I, Lucifer, the false sun will now rise. I rise in the morning, I am Lucifer, the morning star. The illumination of my light will ONLY provide a tiny amount of light, but never heat and nothing holy or sacred. Just a cold light to briefly light your much shortened day)
Let it go, let it go
That perfect girl is gone!
(the “perfect girl” is the Virgin birth mythos of the sun religion, Christianity.)
Here I stand
In the light of day
(again, the short, false day lit by the cold Lucifer star.)
Let the storm rage on,
The cold never bothered me anyway!
(the last affirmation of the elite washing their hands of the blood that covers them, for the deaths of billions in their arrogance and haughty certainty that they knew what they were doing when they exploded the glass in our sky and set into motion the event we will see soon.)
Let us be extra vigilant when we look for evidence of the revelation of the method in popular entertainment, and look for this message of an icy end coming as a result of the sun stopping. Once you look, you’re going to find it everywhere. Do you remember
this movie? To this author, it represents the plan B employed by, remember the brain trust of technical people who went to work on the dome problem? This author is firmly of the belief that the latest information about CERN attempting to open a portal to a parallel dimension is absolutely an inverse solution to the military’s utter lack of ability to penetrate the Celestial sphere by force, using nukes. Instead, CERN seeks to create a portal into the celestial sphere. To complete Nimrods mission to meet God. The meet the architect.
The Matrix Reloaded, The Architect
This scene is an alchemical revelation of the method and the ultimate goal of humanity. To meet our maker. Despite all the risks.
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First of all, download or print these instructions. Keep them with your survival gear, if you have prepared one.
Your government is displeased with the communication going on in your location and pulls the plug on your internet access, most likely by telling the major ISPs to turn off service.
This is what happened in Egypt Jan. 25, 2012 prompted by citizen protests, with sources estimating that the Egyptian government cut off approximately 88 percent of the country’s internet access. What do you do without internet? Step 1: Stop crying in the corner. Then start taking steps to reconnect with your network. Here’s a list of things you can do to keep the communication flowing.
MAKE YOUR NETWORK TANGIBLE
Print out your contact list, so your phone numbers aren’t stuck in the cloud. Some mail services like Gmail allow you to export your online contact list in formats that are more conducive to paper, such as CSV or Vcard, and offer step-by-step guides on how to do this.
BROADCAST ON THE RADIO
CB Radio:Short for “Citizens Band” radio, these two-way radios allow communication over short distances on 40 channels. You can pick one up for about $20 to $50 at Radio Shack, and no license is required to operate it.
Ham radio:To converse over these radios, also known as “amateur radios,” you have to obtain an operator’s license from the FCC. Luckily, other Wired How-To contributors have already explained exactly what you need to do to get one and use it like a pro. However, if the President declares a State of Emergency, use of the radio could be extremely restricted or prohibited.
GMRS:The General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) is a licensed land-mobile FM UHF radio service in the United States available for short-distance two-way communication. It is intended for use by an adult individual who possesses a valid GMRS license, as well as his or her immediate family members… They are more expensive than the walkie-talkies typically found in discount electronics stores, but are higher quality.
Family Radio Service:The Family Radio Service (FRS) is an improved walkie-talkie radio system authorized in the United States since 1996. This personal radio service uses channelized frequencies in the ultra high frequency (UHF) band. It does not suffer the interference effects found on citizens’ band (CB) at 27 MHz, or the 49 MHz band also used by cordless phones, toys, and baby monitors.
Micro-broadcasting:Micro-broadcasting is the process of broadcasting a message to a relatively small audience. This is not to be confused with low-power broadcasting. In radio terms, it is the use of low-power transmitters to broadcast a radio signal over the space of a neighborhood or small town. Similarly to pirate radio, micro-broadcasters generally operate without a license from the local regulation body, but sacrifice range in favor of using legal power limits.
Packet Radio Back to the ’90s: There do exist shortwave packet-radio modems. These are also excruciatingly slow, but may get your e-mail out. Like ham radio above it requires a ham radio license because they operate on ham radio frequencies.
Set up a phone tree:According to the American Association of University Women, a phone tree is “a prearranged, pyramid-shaped system for activating a group of people by telephone” that can “spread a brief message quickly and efficiently to a large number of people.” Dig out that contact list you printed out to spread the message down your pyramid of contacts.
Enable Twitter via SMS:Though the thought of unleashing the Twitter fire hose in your text message inbox may seem horrifying, it would be better than not being able to connect to the outside world at all. The Twitter website has full instructions on how to redirect tweets to your phone.
Call to Tweet: A small team of engineers from Twitter, Google and SayNow, a company Google acquired recently, made this idea a reality. It’s already live and anyone can tweet by simply leaving a voicemail on one of these international phone numbers (+16504194196 or +390662207294 or +97316199855) and the service will instantly tweet the message using the hashtag #egypt. No Internet connection is required. People can listen to the messages by dialing the same phone numbers or going to the Twitter account, speak2tweet.
If you need to quickly send and receive documents with lengthy or complex instructions, phone conversations may result in misunderstandings, and delivering the doc by foot would take forever. Brush the dust off that bulky old machine, establish a connection by phone first with the recipient to make sure his machine is hooked up, then fax away.
You may not need a fax machine to send or receive faxes if your computer has a dial-up fax application.
NON-VIRTUAL BULLETIN BOARD
Sometimes we get so wrapped up in the virtual world that we forget about resources available in the real world. Physical bulletin boards have been used for centuries to disseminate information and don’t require electricity to function. If you are fortunate enough to be getting information from some other source why not share it with your friends and neighbors with your own bulletin board? Cork, magnetic and marker bulletin boards are as close as your nearest dime store and can be mounted just about anywhere. And if push comes to shove you can easily make your own with scrap wood lying around the house.
Getting back online – While it might be relatively easy for a government to cut connections by leveraging the major ISPs, there are some places they wouldn’t get to so readily, like privately-owned networks and independent ISPs.
FIND THE PRIVATELY RUN ISPs
In densely populated areas, especially in central business districts and city suburbs there are multiple home WiFi networks overlapping each other, some secure, some not. If there is no internet, open up your WiFi by removing password protection: If enough people do this it’s feasible to create a totally private WiFi service outside government control covering the CBD, and you can use applications that run Bonjour (iChat on Mac for example) to communicate with others on the open network and send and receive documents. **needs more clarification
If you are a private ISP, it’s your time to shine. Consider allowing open access to your Wi-Fi routers to facilitate communication of people around you until the grid is back online.
RETURN TO DIAL-UP
According to an article in the BBC about old tech’s role in the Egyptian protests, “Dial-up modems are one of the most popular routes for Egyptians to get back online. Long lists of international numbers that connect to dial-up modems are circulating in Egypt thanks to net activists We Re-Build, Telecomix and others.”
Dial-up can be slow. Often, there is a lightweight mobile version of a site that you can load from your desktop browser quickly despite the limitations of dial-up. Examples: mobile.twitter.com, m.facebook.com, m.gmail.com.
Most wireless routers, PCs, laptops, and even some ultramobile devices like cellphones have the ability to become part of an “ad hoc” network, where different “nodes” (all of the devices on the network) share the responsibility of transmitting data with one another. These networks can become quite large, and are often very easy to set up. If used properly by a tech-savvy person, such networks can be used to host temporary websites and chat rooms. There are many internet tutorials on the internet for ad hoc networking, so feel free to Google some.
Apple computers tend to have very accessible ad hoc functionality built in, including a pre-installed chat client (iChat) that will automatically set up an ad hoc “Rendezvous” chatroom among anybody on the network, without the need for an external service like AIM or Skype. Ad hoc network-hosting functionality is built in to the Wi-Fi menu.
Windows computers have several third-party ad hoc chat applications available (such as Trillian) and setting up an ad hoc Wi-Fi network is almost as simple as on a Mac.
Linux operating systems, of course, have plenty of third-party apps available, and most distros have ad hoc network-creation support built in.
BUILD LARGE BRIDGED WIRELESS NETWORK
Using popular wireless access point devices like a Linksys WRT54G, you can create a huge wireless bridged network — effectively creating a Local Area Network (LAN), or a private Internet that can be utilized by all users within range using a Wi-Fi enabled device.
You can also link multiple devices together wirelessly, extending the range of your network. Most access points will cover a 100 meter area and if your wireless device is built to support the 802.11n wireless standard, you will get almost a 500 meter coverage area for each access point.
To build a wireless bridge, check out the dd-wrt wiki, and learn how to configure Linksys WRT54G as a wireless client using this Anandtech thread.
A used DS family device can be purchased inexpensively. In addition to wi-fi, the DS supports its own wireless protocols. Using Pictochat, it is possible to chat with nearby DS users without having any DS games. Unfortunately, the range is quite short.
Some games, such as the fourth generation Pokemon games, support mail items. Thus you can send your message under the guise of just playing a game. Mail items can be sent through the Internet if you can get on the net and you and your partner(s) have each other’s friend codes.
The original DS and the DS Lite do support the Opera web browser, but finding the game card and memory pack may be very difficult. Starting with the DSi, Opera is downloadable.
Your computer has the ability to set up your own INTRANET. This was done BEFORE the internet was popularized in two ways: Your computer dialed up other computers and sent them the contents of a message board, or local people people dialed into your computer. A nationwide system can be set up this way with a central location sending to many cities then each city sending out the info locally.
If you’re going to post government secrets on your work-around site, you may want to set up an untraceable account. Really, you only need a mail drop, an assumed name, a prepaid credit card you can get at many stores to set up service.
GET SATELLITE ACCESS
You can have very, very slow internet if you have something similar to an Iridium phone, which would allow you to do dial up at 2400 baud, which at least gives you e-mail. This will also work when your government has shut down GSM and telephone access, and will work pretty much anywhere on the planet. If you’re in the right place, get yourself KA-SAT access which is satellite broadband and will not be routed through any internet exchange that certain local governments may monitor or block (unless that government is part of EU or er … Uncle Sam.
BACK TO BASICS
Make some noise: Have an air horn or other loud instrument handy. It may just come down to being able to alert people in your local geographic area, who would otherwise be unaware of an emergency. You may also want to learn a bit about Morse code and have a cheat sheet available.
Julian Assange makes his first public appearance in two months, ever since he took refuge in the Ecuadorian embassy in London. The WikiLeaks founder was granted political asylum on Thursday — a decision that ignited a wave of international responses, with the UK and Sweden opposing the verdict and Latin American countries strongly supporting Ecuador’s move. MORE INFO & PHOTOS: http://on.rt.com/2gkwzk
This week’s hearing into the January raid against Kim Dotcom’s New Zealand mansion has turned up interesting new evidence today. Under questioning from a defense lawyer, a senior police officer has admitted that top New Zealand officers and members of the FBI watched the raid live via video link. Only adding to the intrigue is the revelation that a secret government unit were present at the pre-raid meeting.
This week Kim Dotcom, police and other officials have been giving evidence in the Auckland High Court as part of a hearing to determine what happened during the January raid on his New Zealand mansion.
By now the backdrop to the story is well-known, particularly after a video recorded during the raid was published online this week.
It largely confirmed what has been reported thus far – armed anti-terrorist officers, helicopters and significant force were all used in the pursuit of individuals alleged to have been involved in copyright infringement in the United States.
It is known that U.S. authorities had “boots on the ground” in New Zealand in pursuit of Dotcom and his associates and today that assertion was further underlined.
Under questioning from defense lawyer Guyon Foley, Detective Inspector Grant Wormald of the NZ Organized and Financial Crime Agency had to reveal how senior police officers and the FBI had received their information as the raid panned out.
“What information was coming back to your headquarters group in relation to what was happening as to progress of the raid?” Mr Foley asked.
“We received phone calls from the scene in respect to the fact that at least three of the defendants apart from Mr Dotcom have been located,” Mr Wormald said, initially stumbling over his words.
“Radio contact with officers on the ground?” Foley questioned.
Wormald said that due to the raid being carried out by the Special Tactics Group they did not have direct radio contact since STG, New Zealand’s anti-terror force, use only encrypted communications.
“Any video feed from anywhere?” Foley pushed. After another pause, Wormald said that there had indeed been live video.
“We had a video feeding back to the police station,” Wormald said.
“Really?” Foley added with a surprised tone. “From where?”
“I’m not going to discuss that,” Wormald responded.
What happened next was hidden from the media but the intrigue didn’t stop there. Detective Inspector Wormald also admitted that a secret government organization had been involved in the raid on the Dotcom mansion.
Paul Davison, QC, acting on behalf of the defense, asked Wormald if the group of people at the pre-raid meeting belonged to the Security Intelligence Service. He denied that, but refused to say exactly who they were.
“They work for the government,” he said.
On Twitter, Kim Dotcom said people should expect some big news in the coming weeks.
“The truth is coming out!” he said. “And we are just getting started.”
The Bill of Rights is no more. On December 15th, 2011 at the hands of a metastasizing malignancy, masquerading as purveyors of freedom, whatever hope we had of liberty and the pursuit of peace was officially assassinated. We are now a police state.
Overwhelming feelings of searing rage and disgust at the wicked abomination that is our Congress and President cannot be contained. Our government, courts, military and law enforcement — which have been controlled by socio/psychopaths for decades — continues to decompose into a rabid, sleazy, moronic, delusional group of arrogant, self-serving, sycophantic, greedy, whores.
It’s time to dispense with semantic subtleties meant to placate and avoid offense. Diplomacy is reserved for those who are worthy. No more time to waste on pandering to, analyzing, intellectualizing or sugar-coating treachery. The State is the enemy of the people. Those responsible for instilling fear, subjugation, humiliation, imprisonment, torture and murder are our own government terrorists–the U.S. Congress, the President of the United States and their minions.
They have betrayed the American citizenry, as they have the rest of the world. They have defiled and destroyed the Constitution. They have committed treason. They are grinding the 99% into the ground with every stroke of the pen; every vote cast in the name of enriching their corporate umbilical cords and bank accounts. They do not deserve respect. They are thieves who have hijacked their positions of power. They deserve exactly what the National Defense Authorization Act will now so freely foist upon the rest of us — to be tossed into a hole to rot somewhere without benefit of charges, trial, or protection from torture and murder, for the rest of their miserable, worthless existences.
One owes no civility to barbarians. No benevolence to fascists. Capitol Hill and the White House have declared war on the American people. Their intent is crystal clear for all paying attention. Conspiracy theory ‘lunatics’ are having the last laugh as their warnings are now bearing fruit. It is no longer outrageous conjecture to believe our own government is intent on our demise.
The United States Army is actively recruiting individuals for internment camp guards. The military does not recruit people for phantom positions for which they intend no future use.
It is time for the populace to withdraw from the mindless euphoria of consumerism that has become their god and WAKE UP. Our chances for survival can only come if we are focused on the threat at hand. We do not have the power to confront the police state head on, but it can and must be circumvented. We must not cooperate. Totalitarianism must be denied legitimacy. It demands defiance. However small or large and in whatever non-complying way each individual finds to do so. We must not allow ourselves to go passively to slaughter. There are no merciful tyrants. No quasi-democracies which do not degrade into homicidal fascism. History has foretold our future. Pol Pot, Mao Tse-Tung, Stalin, Hitler — countless millions met their end without a whimper. For those believing our fate will be any different, you seal your own doom.
The lessons of Germany’s atrocities are barely 66 years behind us. And yet the father of modern fascism in America, Ronald Reagan, began his assault on our liberties a mere 35 years after the smoldering stench of the death camps. We did not rise up as he busted unions, gave multimillionaires and corporations free reign, slashed wages for the working class and took a blowtorch to social safety nets. He militarized our civilian police force by inventing the “War on Drugs” while simultaneously partnering with Colombian drug cartels to import tons of pure cocaine into the U.S. via the CIA; money which was then used — along with his treasonous arms sales to Iran — to fund his covert war in Central America, where Reagan’s henchmen trained “death squads” responsible for massacring hundreds of thousands of pro-democracy villagers. He did no less than target the poor in this country for extermination through legislation. He set the precedent for today’s legislative atrocities.
Every man awarded the top prize of the White House since Reagan, has cranked his torturer’s rack a little tighter; squeezing more blood and sweat from the powerless. One in two citizens is now hovering at poverty level. Homelessness, joblessness and hunger are at an all time high. It’s a monstrous lie to call what we are experiencing a recession. It is a depression for all but the wealthy — no matter the propaganda spewed daily over the corporate airwaves claiming otherwise. Yet, Congress is never at a loss to award itself annual pay raises, even though most have personal wealth in the multiple millions and refuse to set a federal minimum wage above slave levels.
They can easily find another billion to add to the imperial war chest whenever needed, as they continue to siphon off billions more from taxpayers to divvy up between themselves and their cronies. Their gold standard health care coverage and cushy retirement packages along with myriad other perks — not to mention lucrative insider trading and backdoor deals cut with their corporate sponsors to insure millions in future income — assures them 100% protection as they pompously and with overt, contemptuous hypocrisy, demand ever more austerity from those who are shoeless and threadbare. Members of Congress have, without an ounce of shame, labeled the poor “slackers” and “deadbeats,” failing to recognize that this description instead fits these elitist, government welfare parasites to a T.
The mob has more ethics than the collection of human waste occupying most of the government positions in our country today. At the very least, the Mafia never abandons their families to starvation and homelessness. Only those professing “Christian family values” partake in such criminal behavior. With Christians like these, their motto should be: “What a friend we have in Satan!” There is no empathy, compassion, or goodness in them.
Our rights, however fleeting and illusionary they may have been, have now been solidly extinguished. We are at the mercy of the merciless. Our jobs, homes, bellies and very existences are undergoing unprecedented assaults. We have been pushed to the wall; becoming fodder for the psychopaths at the top who are bent on our destruction. NOW IS THE TIME TO RESIST.
There will be many people who believe if they “cooperate” they will be spared the horrors of police state brutality. The world is full of as yet, undiscovered, anonymous ‘pits of death’ housing the remains of those who naively believed exactly the same thing.
There are fates far worse than death; living in constant fear, having one’s dignity repeatedly assaulted, being subjected to humiliating, inhumane conditions, tortured and debased, allowing others to reduce our individual humanity down to pleading, whimpering and groveling. Life at any cost is not “living.”
We have a higher moral allegiance to support our friends, neighbors and local community over and above the self-serving dictates of an evil government. Without the eyes and ears of 313 million people choosing NOT to arbitrarily and without just cause, inform on others, the police state becomes seriously impotent. There are only so many people the government has to man cameras, joysticks, computer screens, eavesdropping and tracking devices and to collate information into their mega-databases. Their numbers comprise, on the high end, multiple thousands.
We can begin our self-empowerment by forming micro resistance groups composed of trusted friends and family who set the same goals and strategize together. Choosing to shut down the personal flow of information about ourselves whenever possible, even if it may mean major inconveniences, can be an effective way to resist police state intrusions.
This may require making several lifestyle changes in order to facilitate making the information the government already has, obsolete; giving up drivers licenses when the state demands fingerprints/biometric info and switching to bicycles, carpools or public transportation; closing banks accounts, using cash and placing money in non-traditional locations; accepting less pay or creating self-employment to remove one’s self from the information requirements of intrusive employers; bartering to reduce paper trails; declining to provide information on a plethora of fronts we are bombarded with daily, i.e., discount “club” card applications, membership and participation in social networking sites, access to library privileges, signing petitions, etc.
In short, every time our personal information is required, for whatever reason, we must have the courage to decline, even if it means accepting some harsh consequences. While some may reject this form of defiance as highly impractical (and in some cases impossible), they must be reminded that the reality of doing nothing may mean being torn from your home, family, friends and livelihood to endure hard labor, torture and possible extermination in an internment camp.
Everyone can do at least some of these things to help protect their privacy and therefore reduce their chance of becoming the government’s prey. We cannot control what a police state does to us, but we do have the power to control how we react to it — making it far more difficult for fascism to operate. As Mahatma Gandhi proved, massive non-cooperation is revolutionary in crushing totalitarianism.
Each of us as Americans has a duty to resist this government. Anything less, virtually assures our total enslavement and death.
If you are one of those who still can’t wrap your head around what is taking place in America, remember the American-Japanese internment camps of WWII. Now fast-forward to December 2002. The Bush administration notified over 10,000 men of Middle Eastern descent to appear for a “special registration.” When they complied, they were promptly arrested and interrogated; strip-searched, denied lawyers and hauled away to detention centers. None of these individuals had committed crimes. Whether 1945 or 2002 nothing has changed — nor will it, until we actively circumvent fascism.
May we find unity, strength, courage and resolve in resisting the forces of evil calling themselves “champions of freedom” — for the darkest days and years have just begun.
Should people who are tired of paying extra fees be allowed to close their bank accounts in protest? One Bank of America official reportedly doesn’t think so.
According to Addicting Info, two women involved with the Occupy Santa Cruz movement in California walked into a Bank of America branch earlier this week and attempted to close their bank accounts. In response, the bank manager threatened to lock the doors and call the police on them. Her reasoning? You can’t be a customer and a protester at the same time, the manager said.
Thiel has been a big backer of the Seasteading Institute, which seeks to build sovereign nations on oil rig-like platforms to occupy waters beyond the reach of law-of-the-sea treaties. The idea is for these countries to start from scratch–free from the laws, regulations, and moral codes of any existing place. Details says the experiment would be “a kind of floating petri dish for implementing policies that libertarians, stymied by indifference at the voting booths, have been unable to advance: no welfare, looser building codes, no minimum wage, and few restrictions on weapons.”
“There are quite a lot of people who think it’s not possible,” Thiel said at a Seasteading Institute Conference in 2009, according to Details. (His first donation was in 2008, for $500,000.) “That’s a good thing. We don’t need to really worry about those people very much, because since they don’t think it’s possible they won’t take us very seriously. And they will not actually try to stop us until it’s too late.”
The Seasteading Institute’s Patri Friedman says the group plans to launch an office park off the San Francisco coast next year, with the first full-time settlements following seven years later.
Quartzsite, AZ – The Mayor is challenged under a recall election beginning next month. Accusations have been made. The city council is persecuting the Mayor for giving the people a voice. The Chief of Police is also involved in the scandal.
Jennifer Jones is given the floor at a city council meeting open to the public. While she is speaking the council realizes she’s about to air their dirty laundry and quickly beckons their henchman to cart her off.
The Mayor steps in and says Jones has been recognized to speak and has not violated the council’s rules, but the council ignores him and has the woman removed even as the Mayor continues to contest. The police officers ignore the Mayor of the city and remove the woman. It’s obvious who those cops work for, and it’s not the people.
Been pretty busy these last couple of weeks, my wife was injured, and is feeling a lot better, but I was main caregiver for some time for her, so I haven’t had a lot of time to do updates to AltNews, but I wanted to let you all know that I’m back in the swing of things now, and looking forward to covering the crypto news in the traditional way in the days and months to come.
Wanted to leave you all with this video for now.
This Fourth of July, the family went camping, and we worked on our marksmanship a little.
Tuesday, April 12, 2011
by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger
Editor of NaturalNews.com (See all articles…)
(NaturalNews) The title of this article probably should have been “TOLD YA SO.” After all the downplaying, all the denials, all the disinfo and deceptions by both the nuclear industry and the mainstream media, it finally emerges that the amount of radiation released by Fukushima was far, far higher than what we were told. How high? So high that the Fukushima catastrophe has now been raised from a level 5 event to a level 7 event on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (http://www-ns.iaea.org/tech-areas/e…). They just skipped right over level 6 because they know even a 6 would be laughable at this point.
A level 5 event is an “accident with wider consequences.” A level 6 event is a “serious accident,” and a level 7 event is a “major accident.” If you really do the math, however, Fukushima should be alevel 28 eventbecause there are four reactors each at level seven (4×7 = 28). Chernobyl only had one reactor, and it stored far less fuel than any one of the Fukushima reactors.
The amount of releasedradiationrequired to quality for a level 7 event is “several tens of thousands of terabecquerels.” For example, 50,000 terabecquerels.
How much radiation has already been released from Fukushima? 500,000 terabecquerels– and that’s just from iodine-131 and doesn’t even count the other isotopes that are also being released (http://apnews.myway.com/article/201…). In other words — and here’s the real shocker — the amount of radiation released from Fukushima is over TEN TIMES the amount needed to qualify for a level 7 event!
With the arrival of this new designation, Fukushima is now OFFICIALLY a Chernobyl-class event, and nuclear officials are now openly and publicly admitting that the total radiation release from Fukushima could soon exceed Chernobyl – although they’re desperately trying to claim it somehow won’t, if only due to the power of their own imaginations.
Meanwhile, we’re being treated to an ever-expanding lesson in the table of elements as yet more radioactive materials are being detected in the Fukushima releases. Today, strontium was found in the soils near Fukushima, adding to the impressive list of other elements that were blown into the environment by the explosions there: Plutonium, Iodine and Cesium. (BBC)
If only Fukushima had blown gold out of its core, Japan might actually have a way to pay for all this, by the way. But sadly, the byproducts of nuclear fission are not the precious metals we would all wish for. Rather, they are the radioactive elements determined by the laws of physics — the very same laws of physics that the nuclear industry once thought it had smugly conquered.
Murphy, that clever little bastard, seems to crop up everywhere these days.
Far worse than we were originally told
With this new designation of a level 7 event, the massive cover-up has melted down. Although Japan has tried desperately to withhold radiation data, shut off the gauges, explain away the extremely high sensor readings and assure everybody that it was only a “miniscule” amount of radiation being released into the environment, the sad but undeniable truth of the matter is that Fukushima is a global-scale nuclear disasterthat’s now unleashing radiation across the world that’s showing up in our milk and food.
The excuse behind raising the event to level 7 right now instead of earlier is laughable but predictable: Authorities claim they just didn’t know how to measure the radiation!
“Our preparations for how to measure (the radiation leakage) when such a tsunami and earthquake occurred were insufficient and, as a result, we were late in disseminating information internationally,” said a senior official working for Prime Minister Naoto Kan. (http://www.cnbc.com/id/42542704)
In other words, the nuclear industry didn’t know how to measure radiation, they claim, and even when they did figure out how to take measurements, they withheld the resulting data.
The clever disinfo campaign marches on. NISA is now saying that the radiation released into the atmosphere is only 10 percent of Chernobyl’s release. But what they don’t readily admit is that they’re releasing massive quantities of radioactive water into the ocean, and that doesn’t count as “atmosphere,” you see.
They also don’t want you to remember that Fukushima is engage in an ongoing release of radiation with absolutely no end in sight. It is only a matter of weeks, in other words, before Fukushima does exceed the total Chernobyl release levels.
How do we know that? For one, that same senior official quoted above also says the Japanese government is now telling TEPCO to “set target dates for when it would halt the radiation leakage as well as restore the cooling systems” (http://www.cnbc.com/id/42542704).
Set target dates? It’s like being stuck in a bureaucratic nightmare. Let’s all have a committee conference, and we’ll put together an “actionable game plan” so that we can “accentuate our positive accomplishments” while we all “facilitate going forward with team players” and other such nonsense corporate speak that often flows from the mouths of business suit morons who have no idea what to do but somehow want to take credit for it.
If there’s a target date to set for halting the radiation, it should be TODAY. If there’s a target date to restore cooling to the spent fuel rods, it should be YESTERDAY. Does anyone really believe these are things to be slapped onto a calendar like your best friend’s birthday?
Oh, and by the way, we’re now supposed to believe the Japanese government is telling us the truth from here forward, I suppose. Sure, they lied about the radiation releases in the past. They downplayed the seriousness of the event; they withheld data and explained away the broken gauges as flukes. But now they’re suddenly going to be up front with all of us and tell us the truth, you see. Now we’re going to get honest and accurate information out of Japan, if you can believe that.
Still, nuclear industry shills can’t help themselves from continuing to downplay the situation. “Judging from all the measurement data, it is quite under control,” says Hironobu Unesaki, a nuclear physicist at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (http://apnews.myway.com/article/201…). He also said that raising Fukushima to a level 7 event was no cause for worry, and that “…it doesn’t mean that a significant amount of release is now continuing.”
It seems that Unesaki didn’t receive the memo that says, “Stop lying to the public.” He’s still operating from the previous official memo which instructed everyone to, “Deny and Downplay.”
Remember when Fukushima was only a level 4 event and all the nuclear industry experts and government experts were saying “this is nothing like Chernobyl?” Then it was raised to a level 5 event and they repeated, “It’s still nothing like Chernobyl.” And now with the official designation at level 7, they’re screaming, “We swear! It’s nothing like Chernobyl!”
Except that it is. It’s a lot like Chernobyl. All the elements are the same, after all: The toxic iodine-131 and cesium-137 being released into the environment. The strange but persistent government cover-ups. The lying to the public. The downplaying of the human fatalities caused by the event. The outrageous ineptitude of the nuclear industry “experts” who told us these power plants were safe.
It sound almost exactly like Chernobyl, come to think of it. And if you read the news archives from 1986, you’ll find extremely harsh words from the USA condemning the Ukranian officials for withholding data and downplaying the situation there. And yet, just 25 years later, the tables are turned. Now Japan and the USA are in full-on cover-up mode, playing the part of the Soviet officials who lied to their own people about the severity of the disaster.
If there’s one thing we’ve all learned from history, it’s that you can always count on your government to lie to you in times of trouble. At precisely the moment the People need honest, accurate information about the severity of a disaster or crisis, government leaders will take to the podium and calmly announce that everything is fine and people should take no precautions whatsoever. And then immediately after these speeches are given, they scurry off to their underground command bunkers.
Here’s a video of Obama telling Americans there’s no problem with the radioactive fallout from Fukushima. It’s hilarious (in a sad sort of way): http://naturalnews.tv/v.asp?v=61EFA…
This guide ‘When An ill Wind Blows From Afar! (Like from Japan Fukushima reactor)’ deals specifically with radioactive fallout that originated from afar, like a Chernobyl in the past, or Iran in the future that’s had its nuclear facilities bombed, releasing radioactive contamination into the atmosphere, or a North Korea gone mad, etc.
This guide provides panic dispelling knowledge so people downwind can more promptly initiate appropriate protective actions, as required.
America’s next nuclear concerns may not have originated here, but be instead from a nuclear bomb or nuclear release overseas.
A Chernobyl-type event affecting people in other countries downwind and far away from the actual event itself, as depicted in Map ‘A’ below.
Or, a nuclear blast, like when a single, and very small, above ground Chinese nuclear test explosion on December 28, 1966 resulted in the fallout cloud covering most of the United States a few days later, as depicted in this now declassified Map ‘B’ below.
The important thing to recognize in the charts above is that here in the Northern Hemisphere, via upper wind Prevailing Westerlies, anything unleashed to the west of the USA could be coming here next.
In a future event, if not huge and/or multiple releases, most people very far downwind will either not experience any radioactive fallout, or not of high enough quantity and intensity, to be of significant concern. However, there can be exceptions, as detailed below.Most watched today, for future radioactive fallout and radiation contamination, is from Japans’ Fukushima reactor releasing radioactive contaminants into the air, that could next be drifting downwind towards North America…
Other future potential risks include Iran and North Korea, where their nuclear facilities could be bombed, releasing radioactive contaminants into the air, drifting downwind, too.
There will be a big difference whether the ‘event’ is a nuclear power plant accident or conventional bombs used in Iran or North Korea or actual nuclear weapons, as well as in how many locations in Iran or North Korea, in both how much fallout is created and how high it is ejected into those upper winds, that will affect greatly how much and far downwind the fallout will then be a serious threat.Of course, anything could happen anywhere anytime, like it has now in Japan, not just from Iran or North Korea in the future.
Other areas of concern, besides Iran or North Korea, are from other countries in the Mid-East, South Korea, Pakistan, India, Russia, China, or even another Chernobyl or Three Mile Island anywhere, like in Japan today, etc.
There would be justifiable concern for those immediately downwind and thus protective actions that they will need to promptly undertake to protect themselves from radioactive fallout and radiation contamination. Usually either evacuation or sheltering, along with prophylactic Potassium Iodide (KI) for protection against radioactive iodine. (More on that below.) Much further downwind, like here in USA, the effects will be substantially less pronounced, though some measured protective actions, like Potassium Iodide (KI), may be indicated in some areas.
For everyone, though, without the basic knowledge presented here, they risk unnecessary panic that could become even more widespread than the fallout itself.
It’s hard to say how much fallout will fall here from overseas, like Japan or Iran or North Korea, until it does, but it’s very unlikely that it would ever be enough to require Americans to utilize fallout shelters to survive it, as they would if a nuke was exploded upwind of them right here in America, as detailed in What To Do If A Nuclear Disaster Is Imminent! at www.ki4u.com/guide.htm.
The fallout threat here in the USA, from an ‘event’ originating far overseas, like Iran or North Korea or Japan, will be based upon four factors;
- Type and quantity of radioactive isotopes unleashed; nuclear fission bomb(s) or nuke power plant or nuclear materials facility.
– Resulting plume or mushroom cloud altitude and wind direction and speed.
– Distance and time before arriving at your location.
– Ultimate isotope type and quantity falling out at your specific location.
What is radioactive fallout?
Radioactive fallout is the particulate matter (dust) produced by a nuclear explosion and carried high up into the air by the mushroom cloud. It drifts on the wind and most of it settles back to earth downwind of the explosion. The heaviest, most dangerous, and most noticeable fallout, will ‘fall out’ first closer to ground zero. It may begin arriving minutes after an explosion. The smaller and lighter dust-like particles will drift much farther downwind, often for hundreds of miles. Higher ejected fallout can even travel thousands of miles for weeks. Once it arrives, whether visible or not, most that will fall will have done so usually in under an hour once it begins, coating everything just like dust does on the ground, cars, trees, roofs, etc. Often visible as a fine dark grit on white surfaces, but not always.
However, rain can concentrate the fallout into localized ‘hot spots’ of much more intense radiation with no visible indication. For instance, as happened in Troy, NY in April 27, 1953 when a thunderstorm rained down fallout there, from a nuclear test in Nevada two days earlier, that produced readings up to a thousand times higher than normal background radiation, equivalent to readings taken only 200 miles away from the test site in Nevada. More details about this ‘rainout’ at “Thunderstorm in Troy” at http://18.104.22.168/scholar?q=cache:fNUVgxa5OEUJ:scholar.google.com/&hl=en.
If not an actual nuke explosion, though, like with nuclear facilities at Japans’ Fukushima reactor, the fallout from Japan should not rise as high without the mushroom cloud of a conventionally exploded nuclear bomb. Thus, more of the radioactive fallout from Japanese nuclear facilities would not fall as far away, but be concentrated more inside Japan and the neighbors of Japan on the map immediately downwind.
The terms “radiation” and “radioactivity” are often confused. The proper relationship between the terms is that “radioactive atoms emit radiation.”This radioactive fallout ‘dust’ is dangerous because it is emitting alpha, beta and, most importantly, penetrating gamma radiation (similar to x-ray’s). This gamma radiation (not the radioactive fallout dust) can go right through walls, roofs and protective clothing. Even if you manage not to inhale or ingest the dust, and keep it off your skin, hair, and clothes, and even if none gets inside your house, the radiation penetrating your home could still be extremely dangerous, and can injure or kill you inside. BUT, ONLY IF the quantity and intensity of the fallout at your specific location was high.
The further downwind, especially from fallout originating far overseas, and baring any rainouts as described above, that sparse fallout and its declining radiation will be very much less dangerous, both from the natural atmospheric dispersion and natural decay over time before it arrives.
Radioactive fallout from a nuclear explosion, though very dangerous initially, loses its intensity quickly because it is giving off so much energy. For example, fallout emitting gamma ray radiation at a rate over 1000 R/hr (fatal with half hour of exposure) shortly after an explosion, weakens to only 1/10th as strong 7 hours later. Two days later, it’s only 1/100th as strong, or as deadly, as it was initially. And, two weeks later, it is only 1/1000th as strong as it was initially. (However, radioactive fallout from sources other than a fission nuclear explosion, such as conventionally bombed nuclear processing facilities in Iran or from a nuke plant meltdown, will likely have a higher percentage of isotopes of longer lasting duration, but fortunately likely not get ejected up into the upper winds as much to travel as far, compared to if a nuke was detonated.)
A nuclear explosion creates a fallout ‘soup’ of 200 or so different radioactive isotopes, that become ever more dispersed over distance downwind, weakening with every passing hour, and whatever little still remains far downwind, that we might later inhale or ingest then, is even further dispersed in our bodies. They pose much less of a risk then than if they were to be concentrated into one small specific area of the body, like radioactive iodine (radioiodine) does in our thyroid glands.
The most widespread concern we would most likely see here, if anything…
…from well dispersed fallout originating from far overseas, will be from ingesting and/or inhaling radioiodine, mostly Iodine-131 (I-131).Radioiodine could also contaminate pastures, livestock and crops, most especially dairyland pastures and ultimately milk supplies for up to a month. Radioiodine has been long proven to be a major constituent of both nuclear explosions and nuclear power plant mishaps and is especially of concern as it uniquely re-concentrates itself into our tiny thyroid glands giving that gland a much higher dose and the highest risk for cancer later.
Chernobyl also demonstrated that the need to protect the thyroid from radiation was greater than expected. Within ten years of the accident, it became clear that thyroid damage caused by released radioactive iodine was virtually the only adverse health effect that could be measured. As reported by the NRC, studies after the accident showed, that “As of 1996, except for thyroid cancer, there has been no confirmed increase in the rates of other cancers, including leukemia, among the…public, that have been attributed to releases from the accident.”
We also saw this thyroid radioiodine connection with our own Nevada atomic bomb testing program in the 1950s and early 1960s. The National Cancer Institute Study Estimating Thyroid Doses of I-131 Received by Americans From Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Bomb Tests ‘worst case’ estimate is that fallout from nuclear weapons testing here likely generated from 10,000 to 75,000 cases of thyroid cancer. Each year, more than 12,000 Americans find out they have thyroid cancer, though from various causes. About 1000 here in the U.S. die from it annually.
National Cancer Institute Study Estimating Thyroid Doses of I-131
Received by Americans From Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Bomb Tests
The NCI’s ‘worst case’ estimate is that fallout from nuclear weapons
testing likely generated from 10,000 to 75,000 cases of thyroid cancer!
Health physicist experts agree that the greatest health concerns, affecting the largest number of people far downwind, from a nuclear power plant accident or nuclear bomb explosion(s) anywhere in the world, will likely be from that release of radioiodine that is then carried downwind for hundreds and even thousands of miles. Inhaling radioiodine will be a concern downwind, though radioiodine contaminating the food supply and, in the public’s mind making it all suspect, could become the bigger concern. Milk will be atop the list with its short time from pasture to cow to milk on your table. More about radioiodine and very effective, simple and inexpensive protective measures below.
Unfortunately, the public is generally not well educated on nuclear threats and fallout, and stirred up by sensationalist media reports of potential food contamination, could unleash a widespread panic run on food stores and other supplies. Understanding that real potential for future panic would make it prudent for families to have calmly stocked up beforehand, as they should for any natural disaster or, failing that, promptly at the very first indication of any developing nuclear emergency while locally available inventories are still plentiful.
Fallout coming here from nuke use in Iran, Pakistan, India, Mid-East, Korea, Taiwan, China, Russia, Japan, etc.
The best documented case for concern in the USA of having overseas radioactive fallout raining down on us here, too, via prevailing westerly trade winds, with plenty of thyroid contaminating radioactive iodine, can be found in the Nuclear War Survival Skills book. This Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Facility of the U.S. Department of Energy, Updated and Expanded 1987 Edition, details the above and shows where a single, and very small, above ground Chinese nuclear test explosion (“a few hundred kilotons”) on December 28, 1966 resulted in the fallout cloud covering most of the United States. (See map ‘B’ above.)
Cresson H. Kearny, the author of the NWSS book, also states about this now declassified incident:
“It produced fallout that by January 1, 1967 resulted in the fallout cloud covering most of the United States. This one Chinese explosion produced about 15 million curies of iodine- 131 – roughly the same amount as the total release of iodine- 131 into the atmosphere from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster.””Fallout from the approximately 300 kiloton Chinese test explosion shown in Fig. 1 (Map ‘B’ above) caused milk from cows that fed on pastures near Oak Ridge, Tennessee and elsewhere to be contaminated with radioiodine, although not with enough to be hazardous to health.”
“However, this milk contamination (up to 900 picocuries of radioactive iodine per liter) and the measured dose rates from the gamma rays emitted from fallout particles deposited in different parts of the United States indicate that trans-Pacific fallout from even an overseas nuclear war in which “only” two or three hundred megatons would be exploded could result in tens of thousands of unprepared Americans suffering thyroid injury.“
“Perhaps the first nuclear war casualties in the United States will be caused by fallout from an overseas nuclear war in which our country is not a belligerent. As the number of nations with nuclear weapons increases – especially in the Middle East – this generally unrecognized danger to Americans will worsen.”
“Trans-Pacific war fallout, carried to an America at peace by the prevailing west-to-east winds that blow around the world, could be several hundred times more dangerous to Americans than fallout from the worst possible overseas nuclear power reactor accident, and many times more dangerous than fallout from a very improbable U.S. nuclear power reactor accident as lethal as the disastrous Chernobyl accident was to Russians.”
The 280 page Nuclear War Survival Skills book can be viewed free on-line here as pdf and hard copies acquired here. (This book also covers and details family nuclear preparations for much more than just the threat of radioiodine fallout, too.)BTW, The maximum measured radioactive contamination of milk in the United States by radioiodine from the Chernobyl disaster (Map ‘A’ above) was in milk produced by cows grazing on pasture in Washington: 560 picocuries per liter. Customary levels are normally 2-3 picocuries per liter.
Fortunately, there is a cheap and effective preventative method to protect yourself and family from radioactive iodine.
Potassium Iodide (KI) tablets, taken a half hour or more before exposure, and then for the next 7-10 days, saturates your thyroid gland with safe stable iodine where if you then later inhale or ingest radioactive iodine your body simply eliminates it. It provides nearly 100% protection from radioiodine and resulting thyroid cell damage and abnormalities, such as loss of thyroid function, nodules in the thyroid, or thyroid cancer.
Poland, 300 miles from Chernobyl, also gave out KI to protect its population. Approximately 18 million doses were distributed, with follow-up studies showing no known thyroid cancer among KI recipients. But time has shown that people living in irradiated areas where KI was not available have developed thyroid cancer at epidemic levels, which is why the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported “The data clearly demonstrate the risks of thyroid radiation…KI can be used [to] provide safe and effective protection against thyroid cancer caused by irradiation.”But equally important to the question of KI is the fact that radiation releases are not “local” events. Researchers at the World Health Organization accurately located and counted the cancer victims from Chernobyl and were startled to find that “the increase in incidence [of thyroid cancer] has been documented up to 500 km from the accident site…significant doses from radioactive iodine can occur hundreds of kilometers from the site, beyond emergency planning zones.” Consequently, far more people than anticipated were affected by the radiation, which caused the United Nations to report in 2002 that “The number of people with thyroid cancer…has exceeded expectations. Over 11,000 cases have already been reported.”
See the Potassium Iodide Anti-Radiation Pill FAQ for more details on the health concerns of radioactive iodine, especially to our children, and for sources of thyroid protecting KI tablets, including homemade alternatives if no KI tablets available, and you’ll also see why about.com says that FAQ is the…
“In-depth, detailed site totally dedicated to the Potassium Iodide issue. THE central resource on the topic.”
With ever wider public education of nuclear threats and fallout, hopefully, unproductive hysteria can be averted. Without that education, we risk the potential for unbridled panic regarding both public exposure to fallout and contamination of exposed crops, livestock and water.
“The public’s exaggerated fears of extremely small amounts of radiation also are worsened by the media’s use without explanations of very small units of radiation measurement, including the picocurie. (The picocurie is used to express the radioactive contamination of milk, water, etc., and is only one millionth of a millionth [1/1,000,000,000,000] of a curie.) One episode in which fears of radiation were thus worsened occurred shortly after the invisible fallout cloud from the Chernobyl disaster first reached the United States. Some listeners were frightened when a radio announcer merely stated that milk samples in northwest Oregon showed 118 picocuries per liter of radioactive iodine. Few Americans know that they will not be advised to stop using fresh milk unless its contamination is 15,000 picocuries or more per liter – as specified in the Food and Drug Administration’s official, very cautious “Protective Action Guidance”, published in the Federal Register of October 22, 1982.”
The current FDA Derived Intervention Levels (DILs) for Iodine-131 in food is 170 Bq/kg., which, for milk, works out to about 4,590 picocuries or more per liter. This is the level at which the FDA may begin to warn the public not to use milk and/or issue an order to seize or detain milk products.
Regarding fallout contamination, any food or water stored in sealed containers before the fallout arrived, will always be safe to use. If any containers later had fallout dust on them they can simply be brushed or rinsed off the outside of the container and then the contents will be safe to use. As long as the fallout dust does not get inside the container, then whatever radiation penetrated the food/water container from the outside does not harm the contents. Having acquired sufficient stocks of food and water for your family beforehand will be required if your area is affected and/or if public begins panic buying resulting in shortages.
In the extremely unlikely case that heavy fallout was anticipated here from an overseas ‘event’, brief sheltering might be required as detailed inWhat To Do If A Nuclear Disaster Is Imminent! at www.ki4u.com/guide.htm. There you would also learn more about safe food and water storage and using common inexpensive N95 particulate respirator masks and cheap hooded rain ponchos if getting to proper sheltering was delayed. Also, it details simple decontamination if you suspect that your clothes, skin and hair have fallout on them. Exposure to fallout radiation does not make you radioactive, but you need to always minimize inhaling it, and maximize promptly getting out of it while properly decontaminating to assure that you don’t bring any inside. Before fallout arrives, you might also try to cover up items you want to protect outside for easier rinsing off of the fallout dust later when it’s safe to come out and do so. For instance, if you have a vegetable gardening spot, or cordwood stored outside for heating, you might try covering some of it with plastic or tarp and weighting them down.
The more likely scenario here, from fallout originating from far overseas, would at the most only require 7-10 days protection from radioiodine by taking Potassium Iodide (KI) tablets and having pre-stocked safe food and water in case people panic and stampede food stores.
In an emergency, if no more KI tablets available here, you can topically (on the skin) apply an iodine solution, like tincture of iodine or Betadine, for a similar protective effect. (WARNING: Iodine is NEVER to be ingested or swallowed, it is poison to drink.) For adults, paint 8 ml of a 2 percent tincture of Iodine on the abdomen or forearm each day, ideally at least 2 hours prior to initial exposure. For children 3 to 18, but under 150 pounds, only half that amount painted on daily, or 4 ml. For children under 3 but older than a month, half again, or 2 ml. For newborns to 1 month old, half it again, or just 1 ml. (One measuring teaspoon is about 5 ml, if you don’t have a medicine dropper graduated in ml.) If your iodine solution is stronger than 2%, reduce the dosage accordingly. Absorption through the skin is not as exact a dosing method as using the tablets, but tests show that it will still be very effective for most. More about the above at Plan B, along with formulas there for mixing up potassium iodide (KI) solutions if you acquire KI powder or crystals. Do not use if allergic to iodine. There are also a few other medical conditions and medications, discussed there, that are contraindicated that your physician can best advise you about. Inquire of your doctor NOW if there is any reason why anybody in your household should not use KI, or iodine solutions topically applied on their skin, in a future nuclear emergency, just to be sure.
How radioactive fallout affects different food sources…
The following for farmers and ranchers, from the old USDA county defense boards, should help dispel some of the potential panic. Old fashioned from the early 1960’s, but physics and tactics of radiation and fallout protection are timeless. This guidance assumed nuclear explosion(s) and heavy fallout originating right here in the USA. Fallout originating from far overseas would be many magnitudes less dangerous, but the following is still very informative regarding the threat to, and vulnerability of, different livestock & crops that we all rely upon in the food chain.References to radioiodine below have been highlighted in blue.
How will fallout affect unprotected livestock, that is, animals in fields, postures, and other open areas?
Fallout may be dangerous to cattle, sheep, horses, pigs, and other livestock as well as to human beings. Radioactive materials in fresh fallout can contaminate the immediate environment and give off rays that can penetrate deep into the body. This is the major source of danger for livestock. Animals can also suffer skin burns if fallout settles in the coat. Skin burns could produce considerable discomfort, but would not endanger the lives of the animals.
Animals are about as sensitive to radiation damage as human beings; to survive, animals need the same protection as human beings.
When livestock must graze on fallout-contaminated pasture, supplemental feeding from non-contaminated forage can materially reduce the daily dose of radioactive material the animals will eat. Stored or stacked hay, ensilage from either silo or trench, and stored grain are safe supplemental feeds when they are protected from fallout contamination. When no shelter is available and when the level of radiation is only moderate, or food resources are scant, growers should, if possible, supply supplemental feeding and limit the grazing time.
When meat and dairy animals eat contaminated feed, some radioactive elements are absorbed into their bodies. Thus, man’s food supply of animal products can become contaminated with radioactivity.
How will fallout affect sheltered livestock?
Livestock housed in barns and other farm buildings during fallout have a better chance of surviving effects of radiation than those that are not sheltered. A reasonably well-built shelter reduces intensity of external radiation and prevents fallout from settling on the animals’ bodies. It also prevents animals from eating contaminated feed.
What Is the best way to protect livestock from fallout?
Move them indoors as soon as possible. If you do not have adequate facilities to house all animals, put some of them near farm buildings or in a small dry lot. Under these conditions the amount of space per animal in a barn should be reduced to the point of overcrowding. The limiting factor is ventilation and not space. The advantage is that the animals tend to shield each other enough that more will survive under crowded conditions than under normal housing. Large, protected self-feeders and automatic live- stock waterers can supply uncontaminated feed and water.
Areas within movable fences, and other small fenced areas that have covered feeders or self-feeders, can provide emergency confinement for farm animals after early external radiation intensity has decreased through decay.
Empty trench silos can be converted to livestock shelters by constructing a roof over the trench and covering it with earth.
Once fallout occurs, you should not attempt to protect livestock unless local civil defense authorities tell you that you will be safe when doing so.
Get your dairy cattle under cover first.
What water can I give livestock after fallout?
Water from a covered well, tank, or cistern, or from a freely running spring, is best. River water or pond water is less safe, but if necessary, it could be used after fallout has occurred. In a few days it would be safe. If, however, it should rain during this time, livestock should not be permitted access to pond water for an additional few days.
Usually, fallout particles would settle promptly and soluble radioactive materials would diffuse in the water, reducing the contamination at the surface. If the water was constantly replenished from an uncontaminated source, radioactivity would be diluted rapidly.
To prevent contamination from fallout, do not add water to covered tanks unless the water is from a protected well or spring; first use the water originally present in the tanks.
Could I use water in an exposed pond?
Water in an exposed pond would be contaminated, but usually the level of contamination would decrease rapidly. Such water could be used for surface irrigation. It could also he used to wash off farm buildings and unsheltered livestock. Obtain drinking water for livestock from another source if possible.
What feed can I give livestock after fallout?
To protect feed adequately, cover it. Fallout is like dust or dirt; a cover will prevent it from coming in contact or mixing with the feed.
Grain stored in a permanent bin, hay in a barn, and ensilage in a covered silo are adequately protected. They can be used as soon as it is safe to get to them following fallout.
A haystack in an open field can be protected with a tarpaulin or similar covering.
If possible, give your livestock feed that does not contain fallout material. Fallout particles that settle on hay, silage, or a stack of feedbags will contaminate only the outer parts. You can remove the outer layers or bags, and use the inside feed that is unaffected.
You will be notified if local civil defense and agricultural authorities who measure concentrations of fallout consider the forage growing in your area is harmful. However, this advice might come too late in heavily contaminated areas. As a precautionary measure, house the livestock and do not let them graze.
You may have to give cows contaminated feed if no other feed is available. The milk from these cows should not be used by children, but when the cows are back on clean feed, the amount of radioactive material in their milk will progressively diminish.
What can I do with contaminated feed?
How long feed should be stored depends on the type and concentration of the radioactive materials. If you have an alternate supply, do not use contaminated feed until told by authorities that it is safe to do so; then be sure to follow the precautions they may recommend.
Should dairy cows receive special treatment?
Yes. Because radioactive materials can be transferred to milk, which will be a critical product during an emergency, make a special effort to protect cows from fallout. Remove milking cows from pasture and feed them stored rations during the period of fresh fallout and for several weeks after. In this way, you will prevent iodine 131 from occurring in the milk, or reduce it to insignificant levels.
Give cows preferred shelter and clean feed and water. If you can, milk them before fallout occurs; you may not be able to do so for several days afterward. If you have calves on the farm turn them in with the cows. This will help prevent mastitis and conserve all the feed for the cows. Reduce amounts of water and concentrated feed to maintenance levels.
Construction plans are available through State extension agricultural engineers for a combination dairy barn and family fallout shelter. Although construction of this type is costly, such a facility might be considered for the protection of highly valued breeding stock.
The plans are designed in accordance with milk production ordinances. They provide for (1) a year-round production Unit that requires minimum change for emergency use, (2) a built-in family fallout protection area that allows the operator to care for animals during a fallout emergency, (3) all stored feed that is manually accessible to be inside the barn, (4) stored hay and straw for use as shielding, (5) temporary housing, feed, and water for other livestock, (6) an auxiliary generator for assuring electric power, and (7) a water supply inside the barn.
What measures should be taken to protect poultry?
Measures for protecting poultry are the same as those recommended for other farm animals.
Poultry are somewhat more resistant to radiation than other farm animals. Since most poultry are raised under shelter and given feed that has been protected or stored, and since poultry can be grown rapidly, they are one of the more dependable sources of fresh foods of animal origin that may be available following a nuclear attack.
Hens that eat contaminated feed will produce eggs that contain some radioactive elements. Radioactivity in eggs decreases shortly after the hens are removed from the contaminated environment and given uncontaminated feed and water.
What animal food products are safe to market after fallout?
You will receive specific instructions from local civil defense authorities based on the amount of fallout received. Do not destroy any animal food products unless spoilage has made them inedible. Milk should be safe to use if it is from cows that are adequately sheltered and protected and are fed rations of stored and protected feed and water. Milk from a fallout area where cows are not adequately protected or fed stored feed should not be given to children until civil defense authorities approve. Milk contaminated with iodine 131 can be processed into butter, cheese, and powdered or canned milk, and stored for a period of time to allow the radioactivity to decay.
Food animals whose bodies have been exposed to external radiation can be used for food if they are slaughtered before the onset of signs of radiation sickness. Also, they can be used after they have recovered from the ensuing illness. The same rules that govern the slaughter of animals sick from any cause should be followed. Care must be taken to prevent edible parts of the carcass from being contaminated by radioactive materials contained on the hide and in the digestive system.
What do I do if animals die from fallout radiation?
Some of your animals may be affected so severely by radiation from fresh fallout that they will die in a few days or weeks after being exposed. Do not slaughter any of your livestock unless you are told to do so by local civil defense authorities or USDA county defense boards. Bury animals that die. These carcasses usually are not dangerous to surviving people or animals by the time it is safe to work outside.
Is it possible to decontaminate livestock and farm buildings that have been exposed to fallout?
If there is fallout on the animals’ skins, the radioactive material can be washed off with water. It is not necessary to use clean water sources for this purpose. Take care to avoid contamination runoff.
Civil defense authorities or USDA county defense boards may advise you on decontamination procedures for your farm buildings. In handling animals, wear coveralls, gloves, and boots to prevent contaminating yourself. Cleaning or disinfecting buildings will not destroy radioactivity. However, cleaning can be useful in moving radioactive materials to a place where radiation will be less harmful. In cleaning, be careful to avoid contaminating yourself.
PROTECTING LAND AND CROPS
What are the main consequences of heavy concentration of fallout on crop and pasture lands?
– Farm workers may not be able to manage and cultivate land safely for some time, because of radiation hazard.
– It may not be advisable to permit animals to graze, because of the danger of radiation.
– Fresh fallout would provide surface contamination on all plants, resulting in potential hazard to human beings and animals consuming them.
– Radiation from fallout deposited on the leaves or the ground may damage the crop.
How long would fallout affect cultivated and non-cultivated lands?
It would depend on the abundance and type of radioactive materials in a given area. In the event of nuclear attack, radioactive iodine would be the most critical single factor in the contamination of milk during the first few weeks. After the first 60 days, the principal hazard would arise from strontium 89 and strontium 90. Strontium 89, however, will have virtually disappeared 17 months after its formation.
Like other radioactive isotopes of fallout, strontium 90 falls on the surface of plants and can be consumed with foods and forage. Some of it is deposited directly on the soil or washed into it, remaining indefinitely, for all practical purposes, in the top several inches of uncultivated land. Because it is chemically similar to calcium, radioactive strontium would be absorbed by all plants. Plants growing in soils deficient in calcium would absorb more radioactive strontium than those growing in soils abundant in calcium, other conditions being equal.
Are there soil treatments for reducing the fallout hazard on land?
Yes, but soil treatments should be given only after responsible authorities have carefully evaluated the situation and declared a state of emergency. The most effective treatment could be costly, and suitable only for intensively used land.
Other methods involve changes in generally accepted farm practices. Some measures could be simply an improvement over local conditions and procedures. For example, liming of acid soils could reduce the uptake of radioactive strontium in crops grown on those soils.
USDA soil scientists in the USDA county defense boards will provide guidance to farmers in determining best utilization of their land following nuclear attack.
Any use of the land must wait until external radiation levels are low enough for persons to work safely outdoors.
Would fallout permanently affect pasture grass and forage crops?
If fallout is extremely light, the pasture would be usable immediately. It is difficult to set an exact external dose rate at which it would be safe to return the animals to pasture, but if the dose for the first week of stay did not exceed 25 roentgens all animals would survive and could be handled with safety.
If fallout is heavy, external radiation would prohibit use of the pasture. A heavy deposit of fallout would spread short-lived and long-lived radioactive particles on the pasture and forage crops. Radiation might cause visible injury to plants. Some plants might die.
Existing growths of alfalfa and other forage crops might not be usable because of radiation hazard. If a radiation survey should indicate that contamination level is high, existing growth should be removed as close to the ground as possible and discarded; succeeding growths should be used only after examination for radioactivity. If the soil is acid, a top-dressing of lime would help reduce uptake of radioactive strontium in succeeding growths.
Livestock could be allowed to graze on lightly contaminated pasture after a waiting period that varies from one to a few weeks, the length of time depending on the degree of contamination.
Once it is safe to work the land, a periodic check on pasture and produce in affected areas would provide the best safety guide to their use.
Would fallout affect my system of farming?
It could. Seriously contaminated land may need to lie fallow for as long as a season. After this, fallout may require a change to non-food crops or to food crops that do not absorb large amounts of radioactive materials from the soil. Alfalfa, clover, soybeans, and leafy vegetables have a greater tendency to absorb long-lived radioactive strontium than cereal grains, grasses, corn, potatoes, and fruits. Guidance on suggested crops to plant will come from USDA county defense boards.
Would fallout reduce economic productivity of crop and pasture lands?
Fallout might reduce such productivity in several ways: (1) Crop and soil management could be impeded because of danger from external radiation; (2) some crops might be killed by contamination; (3) other crops might become contaminated to a degree where they would be unmarketable; and (4) economic value of food grown on contaminated land might be less than that of other competitive crops.
What are the effects of fallout on growing vegetables?
Growing vegetables that are exposed to heavy fallout may become highly contaminated. Leaves, pods, and fruits that retain fallout material should be cleaned before being eaten. Washing is probably the most effective measure, just as it is the best way to clean garden foods that get dirty from any other cause. Radiation from heavy fallout may affect plant growth. Roots and tubers absorb little contamination from fallout before it is mixed with the soil. The normal cleaning or peeling of underground vegetables such as potatoes or carrots would be adequate for removing fallout.
What are the effects of fallout on fruits?
If fallout is heavy, ripe fruits may be lost because of the personal hazard involved in harvesting them. Fruits that do not have to be picked immediately can be saved. They should be washed before they are eaten.
Would fallout limit use of plants for human food?
It depends on the extent of radioactivity. Leafy vegetables, such as lettuce, should not be eaten unless they are thoroughly washed, or are known to be free of hazardous amounts of radioactive materials.
What special precautions should be taken for workers in the fields?
You should remain indoors until danger from fallout has diminished and you have learned from local officials that it is all right to work outdoors.
EMERGENCY DEFENSE SERVICES
By order of the President, the Secretary of Agriculture has put into effect defense services to protect farmer; their families, their livestock, and their agricultural productivity in event of a national emergency. The wide scope of these services enables them to function at all levels, national, State, county, and farm.
County Defense Boards
In preparing for a national emergency, the farmer may obtain guidance and assistance from his USDA county defense board. More than 3,000 of these boards are operating throughout the Nation. The USDA county defense boards receive direction from USDA State defense boards.
A USDA county defense board is composed of key USDA representatives in the county. The county office manager of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service usually serves as chairman. Other board members may include representatives of the Cooperative Extension Service, the Farmers Home Administration, and the Soil Conservation Service. Representatives of the Forest Service, the Agricultural Research Service, and the Consumer and Marketing Service, where available, are also members of the board.
Each USDA county defense board is equipped to serve the farmer in many ways. In most counties, the board chairman is responsible for food production programs. He will see that guidance is available in emergency farming practices and in conserving farm equipment, fuel, and manpower; he also will help obtain essential services or material.
The Soil Conservation Service member of the board will advise and assist in the proper use of land and water; and the Farmers Home Administration member will help the farmer in credit problems that may arise. The county extension agent will provide education on survival practices and protective measures for the farmer, his family, and his livestock.
The board chairman, or one of the board members, will advise farmers regarding other programs of USDA agencies that are not represented on the board. This might include, for example, assistance in protection of livestock and crops against the spread of disease or rural fire defense. Generally, the board chairman is responsible for USDA programs relating to food processing, storage, and distribution.
USDA county defense boards will work closely with and support county authorities. Farmers can look to their local county civil defense officials as well as USDA county defense boards for guidance in national emergency programs.
Radiological monitoring is measurement of the levels of exposure by radiation present in nuclear fallout. Special instruments and people trained in their use are required for this work.
Monitoring services would be needed in the early period following a nuclear attack to determine intensity of radiation on the farm. If this intensity were high, monitoring services would be needed later to determine when farming activities should be resumed. Examples of this monitoring service are detection and measurement of radiological contamination of farmlands, harvestable crops, forest land, and water and protection and handling of farm animals.
State and local governments are responsible for establishing comprehensive radiological monitoring systems in inhabited and habitable areas to measure and report radiation intensities. This monitoring provides the basis for survival and recovery. USDA is directly responsible for certain specialized monitoring:
– At major meat and poultry inspection installations.
– Of forest lands, agricultural lands, and water.
– Of federally owned stored food.
One or more USDA monitoring stations are established in each county in the United States. They provide capability to perform monitoring assigned to USDA, and they will also supply part of the radiological information needed for planning and directing local survival and recovery operations.
Office of Civil Defense guidance and the USDA Radiological Monitoring Handbook provide details for the necessary coordinated effort at the county level. Simply stated, county civil defense and the USDA county defense boards are responsible for joint planning and post attack advice to the farm population on precautions to take to minimize radiation exposures associated with farm work; county civil defense is responsible for most of the monitoring, reporting, and analysis of the data; and the USDA county defense board applies USDA guidance adjusted to local conditions in recommending appropriate:
– Care or disposition of livestock.
– Use of agricultural lands and water.
– Use or disposition of agricultural commodities.
If you have a question about the detection of harmful radiation, you should contact your local civil defense official or the chairman of your USDA county defense board.
Bottom Line: Unfortunately, the federal government does not have large stocks of emergency KI tablets, nor is it likely what they do have can be gotten where it’s needed and then to those who need it… in-time. Also, they no longer support nuclear Civil Defense training of the public, the USDA county defense boards, or county level radiation monitoring networks and fallout shelters*, as they once did during the heights of the Cold War, and thus American families are largely on their own today to find this important guidance and make their own preparations.
For this reason, we’ve produced both our myth-busting expose…
Pass copies of them, along with this ‘When An ill Wind Blows From Afar!’ guide to friends, neighbors, relatives, fellow workers, churches and community organizations with a brief note attached saying simply: “We hope/pray we never need this, but just-in-case, keep it handy!” Few nowadays will find that approach alarmist and you’ll be pleasantly surprised at how many are truly grateful.
Everyone should also forward copies of them to their local, state and federal elected representatives, as well as your own communities first-responders and local media, all to help spread this good news that’s liberating fellow American families from their paralyzing and potentially fatalmyths of nuclear un-survivability!
* There is one county in America that has, on their own, re-instituted their public fallout shelters and local radiation monitoring network. Madison County – Huntsville, Alabama, home of our nations rocket scientists at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center. See more about their efforts here.
Shane Connor is the CEO of www.ki4u.com
Consultants and developers of Civil Defense solutions to Government, NPO’s, and Individual Families.
Everyone is invited to copy, post, print, and distribute ‘When An ill Wind Blows From Afar!‘ article anywhere, as long as they do so without charging anything for it. It must be reproduced in entirety, including this notice, and not be altered or edited. To contact the author with comments, e-mail: Shane Connor at firstname.lastname@example.org